What is PCOD?
Polycystic Ovarian Disease is the medical abbreviation of PCOD. PCOD is a medical condition in which a woman’s ovaries generate immature or partially mature eggs in large numbers during reproductive age and these eggs develop into cysts in the ovaries over time. Due to the cysts ovaries become large & secrete large amounts of male hormones (androgen) which causes infertility problems, irregular periods, unwanted weight gain, and other health issues.
While relatively common, most women are not aware of the signs and symptoms of PCOD, the implications of the condition, and available treatment options. So let us take a closer look.
What Problem PCOD May Cause?
The symptoms associated with PCOD often leave a lasting impact on women’s physical and mental well-being. It is estimated that about 34% of the women suffering from PCOD problem also suffer from depression, and nearly 45% suffer from anxiety. This makes it essential to diagnose and manage the symptoms early to prevent PCOD problems in future.
Many of the women diagnosed with PCOD problem also experience poor quality of life-related to-
- Mood swings
- Negative social relationships
- Low self-confidence
- Negative self-image
- Disruption of eating and sleep patterns
- Low motivation
Let us look at how we can differentiate between PCOD vs PCOS.
|PCOD is a medical condition where the women’s ovaries produce immature or partially impure eggs, which transform into cysts.
||PCOS is a more severe condition where the ovaries produce a high quantity of male hormones, resulting in excess cyst formation.
|About one-third of women worldwide suffer from PCOD, which means pretty common.
||PCOS is a disease that affects fewer women than PCOD.
|PCOD does not affect fertility in women. In about 80% of the cases, women can conceive with little help and medications.
||PCOS affects female fertility adversely. As the woman is not ovulating regularly, it is difficult to conceive. Even if they do, there is a risk of miscarriage, premature birth, or complications during pregnancy.
|PCOD has no serious complications.
||Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, and advanced endometrial cancer are serious complications associated with PCOS.
|PCOD doesn’t have severe complications and can be healed with the right diet plan.
||While polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) cannot be cured, the symptoms can be controlled through lifestyle changes and medicines.
|PCOD does not release as many male hormones as PCOS, the symptoms are less frequent and rarely noticeable.
||Women suffering from PCOS often struggle with the symptoms from a younger age.
|PCOD sufferers are not threatened with such issues.
||PCOS is inherently a metabolic disorder. This means it is often accompanied by a greater risk of developing high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, obesity, and cancers of the uterus and breast.
|Women who suffer from PCOD experience mild to moderate symptoms. These symptoms can be managed with diet, lifestyle changes, and medication.
||Women suffering from PCOS may require infertility treatments and active treatment protocols to manage other health conditions that they may develop.
If you experience any of the symptoms associated with PCOD, it is important to consult an expert gynaecologist for a proper diagnosis and PCOD problem treatment. In addition, your gynaecologist may refer you to an endocrinologist or a cardiologist to help manage other health conditions that you develop due to PCOS.
PCOD/PCOS Problem Symptoms
PCOD primarily affects the ovaries. The ovaries are a part of the female reproductive system. All women have two ovaries, and these release egg cells or ova. The ovaries are responsible for the production of oestrogen and progesterone. They also release the male hormone called androgen. PCOD can disrupt this process and lead to an abnormal release of male hormones.
Here are some common signs and symptoms of PCOD/PCOS problems-
- Irregular or unpredictable menstrual periods
- Heavy bleeding during periods
- Excess body hair
- Hair loss or male pattern baldness
- Difficulty in getting pregnant
- Darkening of skin or pigmentation around the neck
- Sleep disorders
The exact cause of PCOD problem remains unclear. Doctors believe that PCOD can have both genetic and environmental causes. PCOD is often associated with –
- An unhealthy diet
- A sedentary lifestyle
- Hormone altering medication
- Several OTC (over the counter) medications and supplements
In many cases, PCOD problem runs in families and is also considered hereditary. Researchers point to several physiological causes that may increase your risks of developing PCOD/PCOS –
- Excess Insulin Production – Insulin is a natural hormone produced by the pancreas. It helps regulate the metabolic functions of the body and regulate blood sugar levels. Doctors believe that a high insulin level is one of the key drivers of PCOS. Excess insulin also prompts the body to increase the production of androgen (male hormone), which inhibits ovulation.
- Inflammation – Several physiological reasons may cause low-grade inflammation in the body. Mild forms of autoimmune diseases can also cause inflammation in the body’s tissues. This, in turn, again increases the androgen levels in the body.
- High Androgen Levels – The male hormone is associated with increased facial and body hair, acne outbreaks and skin issues, and a higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.
How is PCOD Problem diagnosed?
Diagnosis is crucial in finding a solution to PCOD problems. Your gynecologist will start with a physical exam and take a history of your symptoms. The doctor may then recommend tests such as –
- Blood tests (to check for the hormonal levels, blood sugar, insulin, and cholesterol)
- Pelvic ultrasound (to look for cysts in the ovaries and measure the lining of the uterus)
PCOD Problem Treatment Options
It is important to remember that solutions to the Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) problem involve both medication and lifestyle changes. Unfortunately, there is no known cure for the condition, but managing the symptoms can improve the quality of life.
- Diet modification can go a long way in managing symptoms and offering PCOD problem solutions. Even a 5% reduction in body weight can help reduce the symptoms significantly. Eliminating sugars and fatty foods can help lower the risk of developing diabetes, high cholesterol levels, and cardiovascular diseases.
- Women leading a sedentary lifestyle must plan and stick to a regular exercise schedule as part of the PCOD solution.
- Cyclic hormonal treatment and ovulation induction medication can help regulate the menstrual cycle.
- Skin treatment can help reduce acne and the darkening of the skin.
- Infertility treatment can help with conception.
- Laparoscopic surgery can help destroy androgen producing tissue.
- Regular monitoring of health and hormone levels can help prevent PCOD problems in future.
Medsherb have come up first time to cure PCOD in the form of TEA. This is the first time we have introduced to cure PCOD in the form of Herbal Tea. This tea is made with Ayurvedic Herbs and there is no side effect of this tea and Its safe to consume.
You can take this Hearbal tea after prescribing and discussiong with your Doctor.
Note : Content taken from https://www.maxhealthcare.in/blogs/are-you-suffering-from-pcod